Germinating and Growing

Common African Indigenous Trees

 

 

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Marula / Morula

Sclerocarya Birrea subsp. caffra
 

 

 

 

1/ Easily raised from seed. Plant seeds directly into black nursery bags filled with river sand and keep in the shade until seedlings appear. Truncheons of 100-150 mm in diameter and 2 m long can be planted in early spring. The marula is drought-resistant but young trees are frost-sensitive. It is one of the fastest growing trees in South Africa with a growth rate of up to 1.5 m per year.

 

 

2/ This tree grows easily from seed sown in washed river sand in spring. It can also grow from a truncheon planted in the early spring. It is fast-growing, with a growth rate of up to 1.5 m per year. This tree is very sensitive to frost and grows best in frost-free areas under warm conditions. If planted in areas where there is mild or occasional frost, it must be protected at least during the first few growing seasons. It would be wise to plant it on the northern side of a building where there is always enough light, for example.

 

 

3/ The stones should be planted untreated with the exocarps undamaged to ensure good germination. This tree is easily raised from seeds. The tree strikes readily from cuttings and truncheons to form a live hedge, especially when cut at the time of bud swelling. Truncheons should be about 10-15cm in diameter and about 2 metres long and planted a metre deep. They need to be planted close together and kept trimmed at the top and the sides. The cuttings should have all the leaves removed and the end that is to be put into the ground should be cut with a long, slanting angle. The Marula grows quite fast and is reasonably drought resistant, but sensitive to frost.

 

 

 

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This web page was last updated on: 07 August, 2012